2014 | ISBN: 0991543416 | English | 380 pages | PDF | 5 MB
Classification of disorders plays several key roles in medicine.
The most familiar of these is that is selves as a guide to clinicians in the identification of specific disease states. In doing so, classification systems provide clinicians with important information regarding numerous related factors including pathogenesis, prognosis, course, and heritability. Moreover, therapeutic interventions are largely guided by the nosological decisions made by clinicians. In turn, information accrued regarding therapeutic response of these disease states is utilized to further refine the nosology. Classification systems also serve to define the domain of a given discipline, a factor of particular importance for fields such as sleep medicine which cut across many related specialties. Finally, by identifying areas of uncertainty and overlap among related pathologies, these systems play a critical role in guiding future research agendas which will enhance our knowledge and understanding of the clinical features, pathophysiology and treatment response specific to each disorder.
Recognizing the need for currency and relevance in a rapidly evolving field, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine Board of Directors approved a revision of International Classification of Sleep Disorders, 2nd Edition in 2011.